Publication on Pao Pereira Extract Against Prostate Cancer

Spring 2009 – “β-Carboline Alkaloid-Enriched Extract from the Amazonian Rain Forest Tree Pao Pereira Suppresses Prostate Cancer Cells”

by Debra L. Bemis, PhD, Jillian L. Capodice, LAc, MS, Manisha Desai, PhD, Aaron E. Katz, MD, Ralph Buttyan, PhD – Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology, Vol 7, No2

Columbia UniversityBark extracts from the Amazonian rain forest tree Geissospermum vellosii (pao pereira), enriched in B-carboline alkaloids have significant anticancer activities in certain preclinical models. Because of the predominance of prostate cancer as a cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality for men of Western countries, the research team at Columbia University preclinically tested the in vitro and in vivo effects of a pao pereira extract against a prototypical human prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP. When added to cultured LNCaP cells, pao pereira extract significantly suppressed cell growth in a dose-dependent fashion and induced apoptosis. Immunodeficient mice heterotopically xenografted with LNCaP cells were gavaged daily with pao pereira extract or vehicle control over 6 weeks. Tumor growth was suppressed by up to 80% in some groups compared with tumors in vehicle-treated mice

Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in males and a leading cause of cancer deaths in men.6 Given the relatively high frequency with which prostate cancer occurs, prevention offers the most likely means to reduce the health risk to men posed by the disease. If pao pereira bark extract has tumor-suppressing activity for prostate cancer without overt toxicity, one can consider the possibility that it might be used as a preventive agent as a dietary supplement.

Abstract

b carboline prostateBark extracts from the Amazonian rain forest tree Geissospermum vellosii (pao pereira), enriched in β-carboline alkaloids have significant anticancer activities in certain preclinical models. Because of the predominance of prostate cancer as a cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality for men of Western countries, we preclinically tested the in vitro and in vivo effects of a pao pereira extract against a prototypical human prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP. When added to cultured LNCaP cells, pao pereira extract significantly suppressed cell growth in a dose-dependent fashion and induced apoptosis. Immunodeficient mice heterotopically xenografted with LNCaP cells were gavaged daily with pao pereira extract or vehicle control over 6 weeks. Tumor growth was suppressed by up to 80% in some groups compared with tumors in vehicle-treated mice. However, we observed a striking U-shaped dose-response curve in which the highest dose tested (50 mg/kg/d) was much less effective in inducing tumor cell apoptosis and in reducing tumor cell proliferation and xenograft growth compared with lower doses (10 or 20 mg/kg/d). Although this study supports the idea that a pao pereira bark extract has activity against human prostate cancer, our in vivo results suggest that its potential effectiveness in prostate cancer treatment may be limited to a narrow dose range.

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Posted in Our Research Publications, Prostate Cancer, beljanski's Pao pereira.