102 – The in vitro Effects of Opines and Other Compounds on DNAs Originating from Bacteria and from Healthy and Tumorous Plant Tissues

Authors : L. LE GOFF, M. BELJANSKI
Expl. Cell. Biol., 53, 1985, pp. 335-350.

Available in English only

ABSTRACT: Purified total DNAs were isolated from oncogenic or nononcogenic Agrobacterium tumefaciens cells as well as from normal and crown gall tissues. Opines (octopine, nopaline, lysopine), plant hormone (auxin IAA) and some carcinogenic compounds were used in order to correlate their effects on in vitro strand separation and synthesis of DNAs with in vivo tumorous cell multiplication. Octopine (or nopaline) induced chain opening of DNAs originating from octopine (or nopaline)-metabolizing bacteria and from same bacteria strain-induced tumorous cells. This phenomenon was measured by the increase in DNA hyperchromicity which is concentration dependent. The tested compounds stimulated the in vitro synthesis of the same DNAs. Under the same conditions, in vitro strand separation and synthesis of healthy plant DNA was not (or only slightly) enhanced, except in the case of particular hormone-connected healthy cell DNA. IAA and carcinogens stimulated in vitro synthesis and induced in vitro strand separation (dose-dependent effect) of DNAs isolated from crown gall cells and inducing bacteria. Compared to healthy cell DNAs, these DNAs were thus susceptible to structurally very diversified molecules and in this way behave as do mammalian tissue DNAs. The opine and IAA actions observed here were specific for plant tissue DNA; cancerous human or animal tissue DNAs were insensitive. By their presence in the crown gall cells, opines possibly maintain destabilized areas (required for rapid growth and division) on tumor cell DNA. The cooperative actions of IAA and opines as well as small RNA and RNA fragments on gene activation, might explain the autonomy of plant tumor cells..

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